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Just a few uses of these prepositions for place (position and direction): in, at, on.

Preposition

Usage

Example

In
  • barrio, town, city, suburbs, country, world (anything but an address or street)
  • coverage of book, paper, study, research, etc.
  • car, taxi, van, raft, canoe (not mass transit; you are enclosed in it)
  • contained in the picture, world
  • in Barangay Pinya, in Illinois , in Asia,
  • in the book, in the newspaper, in the Affidavit, in the memo, in the deposition, in the paper, in an e-mail
  • in the car, in a taxi, in a van
  • in the photograph, in the world, in the universe
At
  • meaning next to, by an object
  • for events
  • place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)
  • specifying location/position
  • table
  • at the door, at the station
  • at a concert, at the party
  • at the cinema, at school, at work, at the fair, at the seminar, at the office
  • I am at the seminar room. (contrast with I left my bag in the seminar room.–which refers to the area of coverage)
  • He was not at his table
On
  • for a place with a river, for island
  • being on a surface
  • for a certain side (left, right)
  • for a floor in a house
  • when using mass transit, big enough for you to walk on
  • for television, radio, computer, Internet
  • position/location on the street, road, avenue, highway
  • London lies on the River Thames, on Bird Islet
  • on the table, on the ledge, porch, balcony, on the basketball court
  • on the left
  • on the first floor
  • on the planet, on earth, on your lap (surface)
  • on the bus, on a plane, ship, train, MRT
  • on TV, on the radio, on the Internet, on my blog, onscreen, log on
  • on Maple Avenue
  • on Garnet Road
In
  • referring to the confines of a particular area, contained inside an area
  •  I left my bag in the seminar room (or in the bus, or in the kitchen).
  • There is a hump in the road. (can also be hump on the road)
  • There are too many people in the street tonight.
  • The research proposal is in the office
  • The chairs in the balcony

Photo credit: Zazzle

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